Farmers Should Maintain Health Like Equipment
Yet they often do not listen to the “check engine” warning of stress, says Sean Brotherson, family science specialist for North Dakota State University.
“Ag has its own rhythms. It has its own culture,” Brotherson said. “When those rhythms go awry, stress can result.”
“Health is the most important asset to any operation. If it is the most important asset, it also needs to be the most important priority,” he said.
Many sources of stress, such as weather and prices, are beyond the control of farmers. “You are at the mercy of things,” Brotherson said.
Research from the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) ranks farming as one of the top 10 most stressful occupations. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that the suicide rate for farmers is 1.5 times greater than the national average.
In 2019 farmers faced floods, rains, late planting and uncertainty about commodity prices. Issues beyond a farmer's control can weigh heavily and lead to depression, anxiety, and suicide, even in a typical farm season. Debt, aging family members, illness, and injury can also add to pressures.
“Farmers, because of their strong and independent nature, often are reluctant to talk about these issues,” says Karen Funkenbusch of the University of Missouri. “Fortunately, resources are available. If you need help or know of someone who needs help, reach out.”
Funkenbusch leads the Missouri AgrAbility Project, an MU Extension program that works with partner organizations to provide practical education and direct assistance that promotes rural independence.
Funkenbusch offers these suggestions for farmers, ranchers and their families:
• Know the warning signs of stress. Physical signs include headaches, aches of the back and neck muscles, fatigue, labored breathing, weight gain, rising blood pressure, sweating, stomach issues, and sweating. Emotional signs include anger, restlessness, irritability, inability to sleep and relax, increased alcohol or drug use, and withdrawal from other people.
• Slow down.
• Get a physical checkup.
• Seek local resources, including clergy and medical professionals. Talk with other farm families and neighbors.
• Exercise daily. Take regular breaks throughout the day.
Farming always has been, and will continue to be on of the most stressful occupations. Factors beyond the farmer’s control can bring the biggest worries. If you are feeling overwhelmed, take a step back and talk to someone you trust. Call the National Suicide Prevention Helpline at 1-800-273-8255.